Other sexually transmitted diseases
Condyloma, also known as genital warts, is counted as a sexually transmitted infection and is perhaps the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world. However, there are several other types of sexually transmitted diseases. Find out more below about some other sexually transmitted diseases and infections.
Genital herpes is a type of herpes. Similar to genital warts, genital herpes is caused by a virus and is a very common sexually transmitted disease. It is estimated that around 25 % of the UK population carry a genital herpes infection. A significant part of all carriers are symptomless, but they may still infect others. About one fourth of all carriers show symptoms, which means that there is a large number of people who are unaware of their infection. Genital herpes can be treated with Aciclovir and Valtrex, among other medications.
Genital herpes and genital warts cause similar symptoms. Genital herpes causes blisters that may look like genital warts. Herpes differs from genital warts in that it causes additional symptoms such as itching and burning sensations or light fever. The outbreaks can also develop into suppurating sores that may become red. Genital herpes and condyloma are not listed as notifiable diseases in the Public Health Act.
Apart from viral infections, there are also some common sexually transmitted diseases that are caused by bacteria. Some of the most common diseases of this kind are chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis. A less common disease is mycoplasma.
Of the sexually transmitted diseases mentioned in the Public Health Act, chlamydia is the most common. The disease can be described as a bacterial infection and is transmitted through sexual contact via mucous membranes. The symptoms are easily recognised.
In women, the most common symptoms are:
- Bloody vaginal discharge and pain in the lower part of the abdomen
- Abundant discharge
- Itching and burning sensations in the genital area
- Burning or painful urination
Men usually experience one or more of the following symptoms:
- Pain in the scrotum
- Urethral discharge
- Burning sensations in the genital area
- Painful urination